The genus crossing number

Bojan Mohar

Abstract


Pach and Tóth [PT] introduced a new version of the crossing number parameter, called the degenerate crossing number, by considering proper drawings of a graph in the plane and counting multiple crossing of edges through the same point as a single crossing when all pairwise crossings of edges at that point are transversal. We propose a related parameter, called the genus crossing number, where edges in the drawing need not be represented by simple arcs. This relaxation has two important advantages. First, the genus crossing number is invariant under taking subdivisions of edges and is also a minor-monotone graph invariant. Secondly, it is “computable” in many instances, which is a rare phenomenon in the theory of crossing numbers. These facts follow from the proof that the genus crossing number is indeed equal to the non-orientable genus of the graph. It remains an open question if the genus crossing number can be strictly smaller than the degenerate crossing number of Pach and Tóth. A relation to the minor crossing number introduced by Bokal, Fijavž, and Mohar [BFM] is also discussed.

[BFM] D. Bokal, G. Fijavž, and B. Mohar, The minor crossing number, SIAM J. Discrete Math. 20 (2006), 344–356.
[PT] J. Pach, G. Tóth, Degenerate crossing numbers, submitted, 2006.


Keywords


crossing number, genus

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26493/1855-3974.21.157

ISSN: 1855-3974

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