On the core of a unicyclic graph
Keywords:maximum independent set, core, matching, unicyclic graph, Konig-Egervary graph
AbstractA set S ⊆ V is independent in a graph G = (V, E) if no two vertices from S are adjacent. By core(G) we mean the intersection of all maximum independent sets. The independence number α(G) is the cardinality of a maximum independent set, while μ(G) is the size of a maximum matching in G. A connected graph having only one cycle, say C, is a unicyclic graph. In this paper we prove that if G is a unicyclic graph of order n and n − 1 = α(G) + μ(G), then core(G) coincides with the union of cores of all trees in G − C.
Articles in this journal are published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License