Notes on exceptional signed graphs
Keywords:Adjacency matrix, least eigenvalue, root system, signed line graph, exceptional signed graph, signed graph decomposition
A connected signed graph is called exceptional if it has a representation in the root system E8, but has not in any Dk. In this study we obtain some properties of these signed graphs, mostly expressed in terms of those that are maximal with a fixed number of eigenvalues distinct from −2. As an application, we characterize exceptional signed graphs with exactly 2 eigenvalues. In some particular cases, we prove the (non-)existence of such signed graphs.