# Decomposition of skew-morphisms of cyclic groups

## DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26493/1855-3974.157.fc1## Keywords:

Cyclic group, permutation group, skew-morphism, Schur ring## Abstract

A skew-morphism of a group*H*is a permutation

*σ*of its elements fixing the identity such that for every

*x*,

*y*∈

*H*there exists an integer

*k*such that

*σ*(

*xy*)=

*σ*(

*x*)

*σ*

^{k}(

*y*). It follows that group automorphisms are particular skew-morphisms. Skew-morphisms appear naturally in investigations of maps on surfaces with high degree of symmetry, namely, they are closely related to regular Cayley maps and to regular embeddings of the complete bipartite graphs. The aim of this paper is to investigate skew-morphisms of cyclic groups in the context of the associated Schur rings. We prove the following decomposition theorem about skew-morphisms of cyclic groups Z

_{n}: if

*n*=

*n*

_{1}

*n*

_{2}such that (

*n*

_{1},

*n*

_{2}) = 1, and (

*n*

_{1},

*φ*(

*n*

_{2})) = (

*φ*(

*n*

_{1}),

*n*

_{2}) = 1 (

*φ*denotes Euler's function) then all skew-morphisms

*σ*of Z

_{n}are obtained as

*σ*=

*σ*

_{1}×

*σ*

_{2}, where

*σ*

_{i}are skew-morphisms of Z

_{n_i}, i = 1, 2. As a consequence we obtain the following result: All skew-morphisms of Z

_{n}are automorphisms of Z

_{n}if and only if

*n*= 4 or (

*n*,

*φ*(

*n*)) = 1.

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## Published

2011-08-02

## Issue

## Section

GEMS 2009 - Tale, Slovakia

## License

Articles in this journal are published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/